This study delves into the intricate relationship between coaches’ self-worth and their coaching styles, particularly concerning how some coaches attach their sense of worth to the successes or failures of their athletes. It explores the impact of this Athlete-Invested Contingent Self-Worth (AICS) on coaching approaches and athlete performance. Additionally, it sheds light on various predictors and outcomes of AICS, offering insights into how these factors influence coaches’ behaviors and the implications for interventions at both the coach and club levels.
Athlete-Invested Contingent Self-Worth (AICS): Coaches who tie their self-worth to their athletes’ success or failure exhibit a controlling coaching style and lack a constructive structuring approach.
Predictors and Coaching Styles: AICS in coaches relates to adopting harsh coaching methods and neglecting appropriate guidance, feedback, and trust in athletes.
Coaches’ perception of an evaluative climate by the club board affects AICS more than parental evaluation.
Impact on Athlete Performance: Coaches high in AICS invest less in athletes after poor performance, indicating a detachment of self-worth from their athletes during failures.
Intervention Implications: Intervention programs should not only focus on teaching motivating coaching behaviors but also address coaches’ underlying self-worth fragility. Educating coaches to manage pressure, raise awareness about AICS, and enhance coping skills can prevent resorting to controlling practices.Organization-Level Interventions: Sports organizations should foster a supportive rather than an evaluative climate to prevent coaches’ need frustration and, consequently, a controlling coaching approach.
This study delved into the psychological aspects influencing people’s willingness to engage in exercise as part of postconcussion recovery. It revealed that social expectations, particularly what individuals believe others expect of them, strongly influence participation intentions. Additionally, it highlighted the significance of personalized programs and supervised sessions. Integrating these findings, here are five key takeaways:
Social Expectations Matter Most: People’s decision to engage in postconcussion recovery exercises is heavily influenced by what they perceive others expect of them (subjective norms). Encouraging social support and positive reinforcement from peers and professionals could be a way to significantly boost participation.
Empower with Control: While social influence plays a big role, empowering individuals with a sense of control over their participation, such as offering flexible session timings or frequencies, enhances their likelihood of joining and adhering to the recovery program.
Behavioral Control’s Impact: Individuals’ confidence in their ability to perform the exercises (perceived behavioral control) also contributes to their intention to participate. Providing clear guidance, support, and supervision for athletes recovering from a concussion could bolster this confidence.
Customize and Supervise: Tailoring exercise programs to individuals’ needs (personalization) and ensuring supervised sessions can greatly improve engagement. It’s crucial to design programs that suit specific recovery needs and offer professional oversight.
Leverage Key Influencers: Leveraging support from significant others—like professionals offering encouraging messages and guidance—can significantly influence individuals to commit to and persist in the recovery program. Their support can be a powerful motivator.
This study delves into how pre-training wellness, measured via a mobile app, impacts the perceived exertion and overall training load in collegiate female soccer players across an entire competitive season. By analyzing the players’ self-reported wellness metrics and their exertion levels during sessions, the research highlights the crucial role of mood in predicting how hard players feel they’ve worked during training. This insight underscores the significance of tracking and managing athletes’ wellness to optimize their performance and maintain their well-being throughout the season.
Pre-Session Wellness Matters: Players’ self-reported wellness before training significantly affects how hard they feel they worked afterward.
Mood is Key: A positive mood reported before training sessions tends to lower how hard players feel they exerted during the session.
Player Tracking: Using mobile apps to monitor wellness alongside GPS tracking during training sessions can provide valuable insights into player exertion and overall load.
Optimizing Performance: Focusing on improving player mood might effectively reduce their perceived effort during training, optimizing their performance.
Wellness Management: Managing and enhancing athletes’ wellness could be crucial in balancing their training load and maintaining their well-being throughout a competitive season.
In a comprehensive review exploring neural adaptations to strength training, researchers analyzed 20 studies comparing trained and untrained individuals. This investigation delved into electromyography (EMG) signals during strength tasks, uncovering key insights into neuromuscular efficiency, rapid force production, EMG patterns, muscle coordination, and antagonist muscle activity. These findings offer practical guidance for optimizing training strategies and understanding the nuanced neurological responses that define strength gains
Enhanced Neural Efficiency: Trained individuals demonstrate greater efficiency in activating muscles during exercises, allowing them to produce more force with less effort.
Rapid Force Production: Trained individuals excel in rapidly producing force, particularly in the initial milliseconds of movement.
EMG Insights: Electromyography (EMG) reveals increased muscle activation in trained individuals, indicating improved neural drive.
Improved Muscle Coordination: Trained individuals exhibit better coordination between muscles, optimizing movement patterns during exercises.
Practical Implications: When it comes to strength training, experienced and inexperienced people use their muscles differently. Coaches should adjust workouts based on this. Newer trainees might not use all their muscles fully, and heavy tasks might not suit their. Their workout needs differ from those who are experienced. Advanced techniques might not help those newer to strength training in the way that they help experienced lifters. Workouts should match the needs of the sport and be designed to help a variety of muscles work together.
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the impact of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) based interventions on children and adolescents’ physical activity levels and motivational processes, specifically when conducted outside the school environment. Analyzing nine identified studies, this research delved into the effectiveness of these out-of-school interventions, shedding light on their influence on factors like satisfaction of psychological needs, motivation toward physical activity, and actual levels of engagement.
Out-of-School SDT-Based Programs: Research on interventions based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT) outside school settings for children’s physical activity remains limited, with only nine identified studies. This scarcity suggests a need for more comprehensive and diverse research in this area.
Limited Impact on Motivation: Overall, these out-of-school interventions did not significantly enhance feelings of autonomy, competence, relatedness satisfaction, or motivation toward physical activity among children and adolescents. Longer programs involving family participation might be crucial for positive effects.
Questionable Impact on Physical Activity Levels: These interventions did not notably increase participants’ physical activity levels, mirroring the inconclusive findings from previous reviews. The effectiveness of out-of-school programs for boosting physical activity remains uncertain.
Comparison with School-Based Interventions: Interventions conducted within school settings showed better results in enhancing motivation and physical activity levels compared to out-of-school SDT-based interventions. Factors like program duration, intensity, and the involvement of various agents seem pivotal in achieving positive outcomes.Challenges and Future Directions: The less controlled nature of out-of-school interventions targeting already active participants might pose challenges to their effectiveness. Future research should explore different theoretical frameworks’ impacts, conduct subgroup analyses, and focus on strategies to improve the effectiveness of out-of-school programs to promote physical activity among children and adolescents.
This study delved into the impact of supervision during resistance training among young individuals already familiar with such workouts. Comparing supervised sessions against unsupervised ones over an 8-week period, the research aimed to uncover how guidance influences muscle development and strength gains. The findings shed light on the differences in muscle adaptations and strength improvements between supervised and unsupervised training, offering valuable insights into optimizing training approaches for better outcomes. Let’s explore the key takeaways from this study.
Supervised Training Yields Better Gains: In comparing supervised versus unsupervised resistance training over 8 weeks, supervised sessions showed greater muscle thickness gains in specific muscle groups like triceps and thigh muscles compared to unsupervised training.
Muscle Thickness and Lean Mass: The supervised group experienced more pronounced increases in muscle thickness and lean mass, as measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA), suggesting that supervised guidance might enhance muscle development.
Strength Improvements: Squat strength (1RM) notably increased in the supervised group, emphasizing the potential of supervision in enhancing strength gains during resistance training programs.
Similarities in Some Strength Measures: Bench press strength and isometric knee extension strength showed no significant differences between supervised and unsupervised training, implying that certain strength gains might not heavily rely on supervision.
Practical Implications: For those already familiar with resistance training, supervised sessions might be advantageous for specific muscle development and overall muscle gains. Supervision could particularly benefit individuals seeking pronounced muscle growth and enhanced adherence to training programs.
Exploring the brain’s response to cognitive tasks among semi-professional soccer players, this study dives into the differences in prefrontal cortex activity during general and sport-specific cognitive tests. By analyzing the cortical mechanisms underlying expertise in soccer, the research uncovers intriguing insights into how the brain processes familiar versus novel information in athletes. Understanding these cognitive nuances could significantly impact training approaches and shed light on the intricate relationship between brain function and sports expertise. Let’s explore the key takeaways from this illuminating study.
Brain Activity in Soccer Expertise: The study focused on the brain activity of semi-professional soccer players during cognitive tasks to understand expertise. It found differences in prefrontal cortex engagement between general and sport-specific cognitive tests.
Prefrontal Response Variation: Soccer players showed increased prefrontal activity during tests involving novel stimuli (general cognition) and lower activity during tasks related to familiar soccer scenarios (sport-specific cognition).
Practical Implications: Understanding how the brain responds to familiar versus novel information is crucial. For coaches and trainers, this suggests the importance of training approaches that balance repetition with exposure to new challenges for cognitive development in soccer players.
Theoretical Alignment: The findings support theories that suggest the brain processes familiar and new information differently, emphasizing the brain’s adaptability to learned automatisms versus novel stimuli.
Importance in Expertise: Varied prefrontal engagement in soccer-specific tasks indicates specialized cognitive mechanisms in expert players. This highlights the significance of adapting training regimes to continually challenge players’ cognitive abilities while reinforcing learned skills for optimal performance.
Examining the toll of a 6-day basketball tournament on under-18 elite players sheds light on the nuanced effects of consecutive games on athlete performance and well-being. This comprehensive study closely monitored physical demands, physiological responses, player well-being, and game statistics across the tournament’s duration. Understanding how the players’ bodies and well-being responded throughout this intense schedule provides valuable insights for coaches and trainers aiming to optimize player performance and health in high-stakes multi-day tournaments.
Tournament Impact: A 6-day basketball tournament affected elite under-18 players, leading to changes in their physical demands, including player load, steps, and impacts per minute.
Game Intensity Variation: Initial games (#1) showed higher player load and steps, while impacts were notably higher in the third game (#3), indicating variations in physical demands across the tournament.
Physiological Responses: Peak heart rate varied, notably higher in game #3 compared to the last game (#6), but other physiological measures remained relatively steady throughout.
Player Well-being Decline: Measures reflected a gradual decrease in player well-being as the tournament progressed, suggesting a decline in overall player condition.
Game Statistics Unaffected: Interestingly, despite changes in physical demands, physiological responses, and player well-being, the game statistics remained relatively consistent across all games of the tournament.
Understanding the optimal protein intake for athletes, particularly endurance athletes, is crucial for maximizing recovery and performance. This recent study delved into this realm, exploring protein needs in both male and female endurance athletes in real-world settings. Their findings shed light on the ideal protein intake, irrespective of gender, offering insights that challenge conventional recommendations and emphasize a unified approach towards optimizing muscle recovery.
Protein Needs for Endurance Athletes: Athletes’ protein intake guidelines often focus on males and lab settings, but this study explored protein needs in endurance athletes, regardless of gender and in a real-world setting.
Gender Doesn’t Affect Protein Processing: In a study involving both male and female endurance athletes, different protein intakes didn’t show significant gender-based differences in how the body processed protein during recovery.
Optimal Protein Intake: Findings suggest that both male and female athletes may benefit from a daily protein intake around 1.85 grams per kg of body weight to maximize muscle recovery after exercise, slightly higher than current recommendations.
Practical Application: This study suggests that a gender-neutral protein intake around 1.85 grams per kg of body weight could be beneficial for endurance athletes.
The focus of this meta-analysis was to investigate the impact of early involvement in talent promotion programs on both junior and senior athletic performance. While these programs aim to accelerate performance development by selecting talented youth at a young age, studies indicate a turnover rate of 25-55% within these programs due to factors like accelerated biological maturation and intensive childhood practice.
Some key findings to take away from this study are:
Early Start, Junior Success: Starting talent programs young seems linked to immediate junior success. High-performing young athletes often begin these programs early, but…
Senior Success Differs: Contrarily, successful senior athletes tend to start later in these programs, suggesting early success doesn’t guarantee long-term achievement.
Robust Analysis: The study analyzed data from 6233 athletes across various sports, highlighting consistent trends across different talent programs and performance levels.
Opposite Patterns: What works for short-term junior success might not be beneficial for long-term senior performance, prompting discussions about the impact and design of talent programs.
Caution in Early Selection: While early involvement might accelerate short-term progress, it could potentially hinder an athlete’s long-term development, meaning we should carefully consider how we designed talent programs.