Previous research has indicated there are no clearly defined qualifications and roles for collegiate sport chaplains. Among the concerns raised about the practice of sport chaplaincy were the provision of counseling services and the separation of church and state. The purposes of this study were to explore: 1. training among collegiate sport chaplains, 2. their professional affiliations, and 3. their own perceptions of collegiate sport chaplaincy. An online questionnaire was distributed to 149 collegiate sport chaplains, yielding a 37% response rate. Based on professionalization theory and a comparison with the historical development of Sport Psychology, the authors determined that there is a need to further define the roles and responsibilities of sport chaplains and establish criteria and qualifications necessary to practice. Sport chaplains would benefit from the formation of national and international organizations that promote applied research and establish professional standards.